Understanding the structure of a database will help you
locate and retrieve information more efficiently.
Information about each item in a
database is called a record. For example, an online catalog would have a
record for each item (i.e. books, journals, newspapers, videos, maps, etc.) owned by the
Each record is composed of individual elements of information called fields.
Fields in a record could include the author, title, publisher, subject headings,
publication title, etc. These fields can be used as access points
when searching a database.