Library Home Citing Electronic Resources
Composed by Bill Budge/Updated by Anne Bradley

Introduction - The proper documentation of research from electronic resources is becoming of concern to students as increasing numbers of full text databases become available. This guide is written for the students of CSUS and therefore features citing resources from databases currently available for their research through the CSUS Library as well as the Internet.

Table of Contents

Printed Styleguides to Citing Electronic Resouces
Internet Styleguides for Citing Electronic Resources
MLA STYLE - Modern Language Assoc.
APA STYLE - American Psychological Assoc.
Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers
Legal Citations - the "Bluebook" - Introduction to Basic Legal Citation, 2001 - 2002 edition by Peter W. Martin.

Examples of Citing Electronic Resources........MLA Style.......APA Style........Turabian Style

MLA Style Examples

CD-ROM E-Mail Electronic Books Gopher Mailing Lists (Listservs) Telnet Usenet News Web Sites
Factiva EbscoHost ERIC EJs & EDs Ethnic NewsWatch IDEAL InfoTrac:Academic Index LexisNexis Academic Universe Proquest:ABI/Inform
CJPI


APA Style Examples

CD-ROM E-Mail Electronic Books Gopher Mailing Lists (Listservs) Online Forum Newsgroup Web Site
Factiva EbscoHost ERIC EJs & EDs Ethnic NewsWatch IDEAL InfoTrac:Academic Index

LexisNexis Academic Universe

Proquest:ABI/Inform 
CJPI




Turabian Style Examples

CD-ROM E-Mail Electronic Book Gopher Mailing Lists Telnet Usenet News Web Site
Factiva EbscoHost ERIC EJs & EDs Ethnic NewsWatch IDEAL InfoTrac:Academic Index LexisNexis Academic Universe Proquest/ABI-Inform
CJPI


Printed Style Guides to Citing Electronic Resources


  • Electronic Styles:A Handbook for Citing Electronic Information by Xia Li and Nancy B. Crane Information Today, Inc. Medford, NJ, 1996 - One of the more complete works on electronic citation, the Xia Li and Nancy Crane book includes sections on both the APA and the MLA style. Copies of this work are on the 2nd floor Ready Reference section under the call no. Ref PN/171/F56/L5 1996.
  • The Columbia Guide to Online Style - Janice Walker. Columbia University Press, 1998. - 2-North REF/PN171/F56/W35 1998.
  • The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers - 2nd edition - Large Print by Joseph Gibaldi Modern Language Associaiton of America, 1995 - sections 4.8 through the end of 4.9 cover citing electronic sources. Provides examples of cites for Lexis, Dow Jones Interactive, OCLC Epic, Dialog, and other online databases. Ref/PN147/G444/1999
  • The Rinehart Handbook for Writers. 4th ed. by Bonnie Carter and Craig Skate NY:Harcourt Brace, 1996. 4-North, PE 1408/c36/1996.
  • The Scott, Foresman Handbook for Writers. 4th ed. by Maxine Hairston and John J. Ruszkiewicz NY: HarperCollins, 1996.4-North, PE 1408/H2968/1996.
  • Chicago Manual of Style. 14th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.4-North, REF/Z 253/c57/1993.
  • A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations 6th ed. by Kate L. Turabian Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1996. - surprisingly little treatment of electronic citations. Check "electronic documents" in the index.2-North, REF/LB2369/T8/1996.

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Internet Styleguides for Citing Electronic Resources

MLA STYLE

  • Drexel Library - Citing Electronic Sources - excellent and easy to navigate guide to citing electronic sources in all styles (MLA, APA, Chicago, & the American Chemical Society). Examples and basic formats are given. You can back up on this site for guidance in citing print resources.
  • Basic Columbia Guide to Online Style - by Janice Walker . MLA & APA. Synchronous Communications (MOOs,MUDs, and Internet Relay Chats - IRCs), Gopher Sites, E-Mail, Listservs or Mail Lists, and Usenet News Groups.
  • Library of Congress Learning Center - Citation formats and examples using the MLA-Style and Turabian-Style (Chicago) for citing films, photographs, recorded sound, special presentations, and texts from the LOC Websites. APA-Style is not included.
  • Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Resourcess - (http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/). " Provides citation styles for the total range of online information: World Wide Web site, Email message, Web discussion forum posting, Listserv message, Newsgroup message, Real-time communication, Telnet, FTP, and gopher sites. Detailed descriptions and examples of each are given for MLA, APA, Chicago, and CBE. The guide is helpful in defining distinctions between citing the whole site versus citing one page or part of a site, and citing personal versus professional sites."
  • Bibliographic Citations - from Dr. Curtis Clark of CalPoly Pomona this is a concise, one page guide to the elements of bibliographic citation of both printed and web resources. If you do not know what "Style" is required (MLA, APA, or Turabian), this is a good guide to use.
  • OWL Online Writing Lab - this site from Purdue University not only is a source of links to MLA & APA Style Guides, but of particular value, are links to Discipline-Specific Style Guides, i.e., anthropology, science and engineering, legal writing, etc.
  • Beyond the MLA Handbook - by Andrew Harnack and Gene Kleppinger. To save time students may wish to link to the authors' "Citing the Sites" - an excellent short guide to the more common Internet protocol citations.

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APA STYLE

  • APA Style Guide - CSUS Librarian Kathryn Blackmer Reyes' guide to APA formatting style.
  • Drexel Library - Citing Electronic Sources - excellent and easy to navigate guide to citing electronic sources in all styles (MLA, APA, Chicago, & the American Chemical Society). Examples and basic formats are given.
  • APASTYLE.org - URL - http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html - American Psychological Association's - many helpful excerpts from the newest (2001) 5th edition of the APA Publications Manual. Includes formatting and examples for Citations in Text of Electronic Material, Reference examples for Electronic Source Materials, General Forms for Electronic Reference, and more.
  • APA Cribsheet
  • OWL Online Writing Lab - this site from Purdue University not only is a source of links to MLA & APA Style Guides, but of particular value, are links to Discipline-Specific Style Guides, i.e., anthropology, science and engineering, legal writing, etc.

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TURABIAN/CHICAGO STYLE

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Send questions, comments or suggestions to: Anne Bradley

Copyright ? 2001 CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, SACRAMENTO. All rights reserved.